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Cannabis and the Endocannabinoid System

"The active compounds in cannabis plants are known as cannabinoids, or phytocannabinoids."

December 12, 2018

When does the wonder of marijuana turn into the science of cannabis? The answer is complex and the focus of some of the most cutting-edge research worldwide. Here are some of the basics.

The active compounds in cannabis plants are known as cannabinoids, or phytocannabinoids. We need cannabinoids to complete our basic human functions. They can be produced both synthetically and naturally, in the body. Natural cannabinoids made by the body are known as endocannabinoids.

The body has many different cannabinoid receptors. They’re in the nervous, respiratory, circulatory and digestive systems, and even in our cartilage.

One of the primary receptors that has been researched is known as CB1. We have many CB1 receptors in our brains. The receptors known as CB2 are more abundant in places like the immune system. However, both receptors are found throughout the body. Collectively, these receptors are known as the endocannabinoid system.


There are 100+ naturally-derived cannabinoids already identified in the cannabis plant. Two of the most well-known are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD).

THC or tetrahydrocannabinol

A compound, C21 H30 O2, that is the chief psychoactive component in cannabis preparations (oil extracts, formulated edibles, etc.).

CBD or cannabidiol

A compound that is one of the main constituents of the most common varietals of cannabis, having very little to no psychoactive effects.

The benefits most associated with cannabinoids and endocannabinoid system is maintaining ‘stasis,’ or equilibrium within the body. Cannabinoids help your body stay in balance when it is expressing symptoms like physical pain and joint inflammation, as well as mental anxiety and depression. Other functions that cannabinoids influence are the regulation of appetite, memory, mood, and fertility. Certain endocannabinoids even contribute to euphoria from heavy cardio exercise, also known as runner’s high.

Cannabis’ complexity aids the potency of its benefits. The interaction of various terpenes, THC, CBD and other cannabinoids lead to what researchers call the “entourage effect.” Various organic compounds interact synergistically, magnifying the effect of each component, which leads to medical and therapeutic results that are truly lifechanging.


Absolutely a great dispensary. Team is always ready with a smile and patient to a fault with MMUR questions. This dispensary goes above and beyond in customer service and is always open to any issues you might have before or after product purchase. ...Between the rewards points you accumulate and the regular sales they have across all product lines, you will not go broke or sacrifice quality. ...Surterra should be a regular stop. And the Coral Reefer line is AMAZING!


Sara F.


Very friendly staff! They go above and beyond to make you feel welcome. The team is very knowledgeable about all products and very helpful to find the right thing for you. Clean space and quick service.




Surterra is, by far, the best dispensary out of the 5 in my neighborhood. I need a high THC for pain relief, etc. and Surterra generally has some 30%+.  Their discounts and rewards program are the best in the area.  The budtenders and support staff are awesome.


Glenna C.


Surterra has the best pre-rolls in my area of multiple dispensaries to choose from. They're not too tight & burn great. This is the place to get your pre-rolls folks!


Sherry M.


The customer service and products I received are top notch. As a new patient they've taken the time to answer all my questions and ensure that I completely understand, not just make the sale and rush me out the door like other places. The daily sales and special discount offers make things very affordable...the attention I receive from the customer service reps will keep me coming back.


Tony c.


This is my absolute favorite dispensary. Daily deals, amazing customer service, and phenomenal products. Surterra has been coming out swinging with the recent new flower strains! They are by far the most efficient/fastest dispensary I've ever been to. 12/10, highly recommend.


Amanda R.